Text by: Ann Nyambura Mwangi, a 21 year-old student at the Kenya medical Training College undertaking a diploma in Health Education and Promotion. She has been placed for an attachment at our KRCS office in Nanyuki for a duration of three days.
“Why preventive health is important.
“Prevention is better than cure”
…is a quote we all come across occasionally. The majority of us do not put any thought into it.
Disease prevention involves all activities that ward off illness. They are divided into three levels; Primary, secondary and tertiary levels.
Primary levels are those activities that prevent the onset of illnesses such as immunization and undertaking regular exercises.
Secondary levels of prevention are those measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of diseases or injury. Such as screening for high blood pressure and cervical cancer examination.
Tertiary prevention is aimed at rehabilitation following occurrence of a disease such as continues use of EpiPen by allergic patients.
Disease prevention is important because it:
1. Reduces dependency ratio.
When diseases are prevented, productivity is increasesd. Thus any form of poverty or dependency on handouts is eliminated.
2. Maintains health and wellness.
Diseases are detected at an early stage making it possible for them to be treated.
3. Reduces cost of treatment.
When an individual opts to adopt a healthy lifestyle, they reduce chances of contracting diseases such as diabetes. This reduces cost of treatment as they are likely not to visit a medical facility.
From the simple tasks such as hand washing before food consumption to screening for diseases - preventive health care is important as it is cheaper than treatment of diseases.”